With chronic gastritis refers to a specific framework-the inflammation of the gastric mucosa, slow progression, which tends to persist through time, with poor ability of spontaneous healing.
chronic gastritis differs from the acute gastritis presents, instead, an inflammatory condition of the sudden and rapid evolution.
The disease slowly evolves with a progressive weakening of the defences which protect the inner wall of the stomach, and with the damaging action of gastric juices eroding the lining.
Helicobacter Pylori is considered to be among the major risk factors for the onset of chronic gastritis. It is a bacterium that lives in the stomach and which normally does not cause symptoms particular. However, depending on the health conditions of the person, as in the case of a decline of the immune system, is able to activate, causing chronic gastritis.
Among the other risk factors, are identified in the abuse of alcohol, smoking, continued use of medications such as anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) or aspirin, and a diet composed mainly of foods that increase the acidità on the inside of the stomach.
See the causes and risk factors of gastritis
The chronic gastritis, può be asymptomatic until the onset of symptoms. Those prevailing, but that does not necessarily indicate the specific pathological condition can include heartburn (burning retrosternal), dyspepsia (discomfort or localized pain in the epigastric region, that is; in the upper part of the abdomen), bloating (accumulation of gas in the digestive tract that provides swelling in the abdomen), difficultyà digestion.
See the symptoms and complications of gastritis
With the description of symptoms the physician can; get an idea of the clinical picture, however, the diagnosis is possible only with histological examination of the gastric mucosa.
The test is run with the esophagogastroduodenoscopy that allows the detailed examination of the gastric wall and the taking of samples of tissue (biopsy).
See: diagnosis of gastritis
Normally, the treatment of chronic gastritis involves therapies that vary depending on the cause (the care and their elimination), drugs that reduce the symptoms and facilitate healing (proton pump inhibitors, antacids, etc.) and, finally, the assumption of a diet-specific.
In the case of infection by Helicobacter pylori, the drug therapy is aimed at eradication of the bacterium.
See: Treatment of gastritis
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November 23, 2016