it is a chronic disease of the skin characterized by the presence of red patches, of different shapes and sizes (from a few millimeters to several centimeters), with well-defined edges, and are covered partially or totally by layers of dry scales are whitish or silvery, very bright.
The psoriasis can be limited to some classical areas (cases più frequently like the elbows, knees, scalp, and the lumbosacral region or può to involve large areas of skin.
Who is affected by psoriasis?
Affects indifferently men and women of any age, but more frequently the young people. The età mean of onset is 28 years old.
psoriasis is a contagious disease?
No. The psoriasis is not is a contagious disease, actuallyà più that a disease can be considered a disorder of chronic. If you exclude the form of psoriatic arthritis, the only noise is represented by the presence of plaques erythematous, a disorder especially of aesthetic order, which the person tries to hide for fear of being considered a form of contagion.
What are the causes of psoriasis?
The causes of this disease are still unknown. There is a certain inheritance, which explains the frequency of events within the family. You know a series of triggers (stress, bruises, some drugs, climate) which determine, as a pathogenetic mechanism of an altered growth (accelerated turnover of keratinocytes, special cells of the epidermis. A cheratocita has an evolutionary cycle of 28 – 30 days, while a psoriatic has a cycle of only 4-5 days.
there is a cure for psoriasis?
there are No specific treatments that can ensure a complete cure, but many different treatments, aimed to relieve the symptoms and to lengthen the periods of well-being. Each person then reacts differently to the various treatments, and sometimes you notice spontaneous remissions in which no one can give explanation.
The first precaution to be taken is to avoid dryness of the skin, hydrating and nourishing the skin with creams interactions or dermo-cosmetics.
Other treatments are aimed at removal of the scales (keratolytics, such as acetylsalicylic acid and tar), the decrease in inflammation (corticosteroids), to the slowing of cellular proliferation (calcipotriol) or inhibiting the immunological response (methotrexate, cyclosporine); and, among others, the phototherapy and the adoption of a diet, which plays an important and significant role.
psoriasis può be associated with other diseases?
Some people with psoriasis are affected by arthritis. These are usually mild forms that affect the small joints of the hands and feet, but can be affected also other parts of the body.
people with psoriasis can have a normal life?
most people with psoriasis lead a normal life. In cases of involvement of the articular può be limitation of movement. Sometimes the patient in dealing with the other può to express the attitudes of embarrassment, anxiety, anger, frustration, depression, especially related to the fear of being considered a source of infection.
people with psoriasis can go to the sea?
The exposure to the sun is beneficial, becauseé allows spontaneous remissions and prolonged, but must be made carefully and gradually. Always protect the skin with sunscreen or moisturizers. Typically in the summer you suspend the drug therapies, because many drugs are photosensitizers.
people with psoriasis can go in the pool?
Certainly, a good activitiesà sports is good for you. Only trick to do the shower after the pool and hydrate your body, in order to avoid the chlorine in the water causes excessive dryness of the skin.
What is the climate of the più suitable for people with psoriasis?
In principle, the cold and wet weather worsens psoriasis, whereas the hot and dry weather enhances the resolution of the patches. The sun is good, and at the lake, at the seaside, in the mountains, the purché, there to protect themselves with creams, scented, moisturizing, to maintain the elasticityà of the skin.
Page updated on 26/7/2006