> AIDS – HIV Infection and women at risk of più.

The virus is transmitted through:

    the

  • of blood;
  • the liquid pre-ejaculatory;
  • the

  • sperm
  • the

  • vaginal secretions
  • the

  • milk;
  • the

  • unprotected sex the condom with infected persons, or who do not yet know it.

Through the passage of blood from an infected person to a healthy person (e.g. the exchange of infected syringes). From a hiv positive mother to child: during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding. Transfusions, organ transplants and seedings, in the european Countries, are screened and carefully checked to exclude the presence of HIV.

In cases of surgical intervention we recommend the autotrasfusioni (your own blood is collected and stored frozen should serve). Avoid risks and adopt responsible behaviour is; the better prevention, to protect themselves and others means acting in a conscious way and be supportive.

HOW is it NOT TRANSMITTED THE AIDS VIRUS

With the coughing, the sneezing, the kisses, the hugs, the tears, the sweat, the handshakes. Donating blood to others. In the restaurant, bar, swimming pool, in the clubs, in the gym, to school, to kindergarten, in work places, in train, in bus.

The outbreak has not può come from the toilet, from the stings of insects, from the clothes, from the handles, from the joint use of dishes, glasses, cutlery, towels and sheets.

SUGGERIMENTI

The aesthetic procedures and the healing that can result in leakage of blood or that are made with needles or sharp objects, can result in a risk of exposure to the virus.Such situations can occur in the presence of incorrect behaviour:

    the

  • dentist
  • the

  • beauty parlour
  • the

  • centers for acupuncture.
  • the

  • in the center where they do tattoos and piercing.
  • the

  • centers for mesotherapy and treatments sclerosing.

it is essential to always ask for needles and single use instruments sterilized; è also check carefully that they are not reused. The Ministry of Health has issued directives that clearly indicate the behaviour and health and hygiene standards to follow.

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In respect of the health of both the woman, and the others should follow normal hygiene rules: do not interchange depilatory electric needle, toothbrushes, razors, sharp scissors, nail files and needles.

IN LOVE… NOT to take the RISK

unprotected sex can transmit not only HIV! There are more than 30 sexually transmitted diseases (STDS). Coitus interruptus does not protect you from HIV, così as the use of the contraceptive pill, the diaphragm, and of the spiral.

Ulcerations and lesions of the genitals caused by other diseases can increase the risk of infection. The douches after sexual intercourse, do not eliminate the possibilityà of the contagion, sinceé the lavender pushes inside the sperm and the virus that may be contained therein.

COSA PROTEGGE DAL VIRUS

sexual relations the condom is the only real barrier to defend themselves from HIV. The best method of protection is the use of a condom together with a spermicide. Should not be used, however, oil-based lubricants (vaseline, butter) perché could alter the structure of the condom and cause breakage.

it is necessary to use condoms during vaginal intercourse, anal and oral and change it after every report. the Even a single unprotected intercourse may infect. The use of condoms must be, then, a habit; especially if you do not know or know little of the partner…but even if you believe that you know him.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR The CORRECT USE OF the CONDOM

    the

  • to Buy condoms of good qualityà.
  • read the instructions provided;
  • use it from the beginning of the sexual relationship;
  • the

  • only use it once; it’s not, in fact, never reused.
  • the

  • unroll it on the erect penis, being careful not to damage it with fingernails or rings;
  • the

  • keep it with care: away from heat sources (car dashboard), and no fold it (in your pocket, in your wallet)
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PREVENTION AND TESTING

to Avoid the infection from HIV is possible, responsible behaviours and measures are the best allies. Today, the new cases of infection are due primarily to heterosexual relationships at risk. Be informed, know and recognize the risks, makes us aware.

awareness is a tool of protection! The use of condoms in sexual relations is nowadays the only preventive behaviour and effective protection of their health , oltreché abstaining from sex. If, however, there is incurred a risk, even minimal, the only way to ascertain the presence of HIV infection is to undergo a simple blood test to perform HIV testing. the

In public facilities is done in a confidential manner and free of charge. A person is infected with hiv if his blood contains the antibodies anti-HIV: può to live years without symptoms but is still a carrier of the virus, and può transmit the infection to others.

WHY WOMEN are at RISK OF MORE

For reasons biological:

  • the shape of the vagina determines a contact più long with the sperm;
  • the

  • semen contains a higher concentration of virus compared to vaginal secretions;
  • the

  • in the mucosa of the vaginal and the anus are often present micro-cracks that may facilitate the entry of the virus.

For reasons of a cultural and social:

    the

  • often the partners feel the relationship is not secure a form of loyaltyà of the trust;
  • the differences between large metropolises and small towns, the different cultural traditions weigh heavily on the behaviors of women;
  • the

  • as women is always easy to ask in sexual intercourse the use of condoms;
  • the

  • può be difficult even to buy them or keep them with sé, becauseé we create embarrassment.
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it is always more evident that women, in consideration of the characteristics typical of their sex, are more exposed and at risk of più than men to be infected by the HIV virus.

epidemiological data demonstrate that in Italy, in the last fifteen years, the proportion of women living with AIDS is progressively increased; you è passed in 1985, from 16% of women affected in the total of patients with AIDS, 25% in 1999.

in Addition, the sexual transmission of infection is increasing more rapidly among women than men. Recently, a study in behavioral (Behepi-ICON) made in Italy on a sample of 2500 people living with hiv and coordinated by the National Institute for Infectious Diseases IRCCS Spallanzani, Rome has provided you with some important characteristics of the hiv-positive women in italy.

About 60% of women of this sample acquired the infection through unprotected sex with men hiv-positive and più 70% of them has had in the lives less than 5 sexual partners. Of these, 80% declared to have acquired HIV infection by the partner stable (only 30% were aware of the sieropositività of the partner at the time of the infection).

These data do reflect on the planning of future prevention interventions aimed at this target group which is not; più possible to ignore the particular purchase louis vuittonà in respect of this infection. the

Source: Ministry of Health

page updated on 2 June 2006