> Hepatitis A, B, and C. Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment

    Epatite
    Epatite B
    Epatite C

Can be easy to resolve, such as the hepatitis type A (except for rare cases), or resolution (più slow, of low tendency to chronicity, but moreù aggressive, both in the short and in the long term, such as the hepatitis type B, or high tendency to chronicity, less aggressive on the first episode, but in the long run dangerous, as the hepatitis type C.

intimacyà with a person with può the cause of the infection, not only in the case of injuries, but also in the case of recruitment of virus from the mucous membranes. Read carefully, in order not to have bad surprises.

Epatite A

Has an incubation period between 15 and 50 days

Cos’è

acute Inflammation of the liver caused by the virus HAV. Spread all over the world is linked to the hygienic conditions of the population, and the degree of development in the treatment of manure. The qualityà of its sewers, in a few words.

In Italy hepatitis A is common : there are about 1500 cases a year, to più è linked to the irrigation of the fields with non-potable water.

Contagio

Is transmitted by fecal -, and then with food or drink, for example seafood crudi (the boiling kills the virus), or fruit and vegetables and not washed, utensils of kitchen, family habits.

Is also transmitted with sexual practices involving the mouth and the anus, or hands (rimming, fingering, fisting). If you are traveling in areas of risk is appropriate for the vaccination.

I sintomi

Può be asymptomatic or cause so-called “jaundice” yellow coloring of the skin and eyes, fever, nausea or vomiting, pale stools, urine, color, dark (also called the color marsala) pain in the right hip.

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Cosa succede

hepatitis A is not chronic, but rarely può evolve into fulminant leading to death of the affected person.

Prevenzione

You è contagious up to 15 days before symptoms, that is; in the moment in which the virus reproduces actively. You must not have relations with gold-anal, and to warn the partner with whom they had relationships in the past two months.

Wash your hands after using the toilet, always. Wash your hands after touching the anus, do not put them in the mouth to limit the contact of the mouth with the anus. The vaccine is made from inactivated virus, is recommended in case of risk, and there have been no reported serious effects. Not è free.

Epatite B

Has an incubation period: between 40 and 160 days.

Cos’è

acute Inflammation of the liver caused by the HBV può occur in severe forms immediately. In Italy there are 1000 new cases per year, and is very widespread in the world. The problem is that there are estimates of over one million chronic carriers in Italy, many of whom do not know it.

Contagio

it Is transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal secretions and saliva. Any type of sexual intercourse, può contagious, and così the exchange of  toothbrushes, razors, syringes, or objects used during sexual intercourse; can  be a source of infection from the tattoo, the piercing, and all of the activitiesà exposing to loss of blood.

In the presence of large viral load, even a deep kiss può transmit the disease and in sexual intercourse the risk of transmission to single ratio is 40%. You remain contagious for up to six months, and, if it becomes chronic, for life.

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I sintomi

As for hepatitis A

Cosa succede

The chronic carriers after hepatitis B are the  5-10% of people who become infected with HBV. Can be passed on via blood, sexually, and not only. Can go to meet with the time, both to the cirrhosis and cancer, but the più sometimes they remain simple carriers. Must notify those who care for them to their condition.

Come si scopre, the diagnosi

The diagnosis is made by examination of the blood, there is no cure, except rest, and abstinence complete by the alcohol. In the chronic forms using various drugs, and the healing is final, even if you are exposed again to infection.

Sesso che fare?

to Notify all partners from the last six months, and refrain from relationships untilé do not quite understand how we are. If the hepatitis becomes chronic vaccinate the partner.

Prevenzione

you can Use the condom always protects, never forget. Vaccination is compulsory to 12 years of age since 1991, and is also free of charge for adults, for males who have intercourse with males, the prostitutes, and for the relatives and partners of the bearers.

Attention also to the travel, if you have contact with blood or sexual activity during travel, you can; vaccinate against hepatitis B with a vaccine.

Epatite C

Has an incubation period of 15 and 180 days

Cos’è

acute Inflammation of the liver caused by the virus HCV, and in Italy there are 500.600 new cases per year. In Italy is infected from 3% to 15 % of the population, according to the environments. In this hepatitis is a very common chronic, (60/70%), and può to foster the cirrhosis or liver cancer.

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Contagio

Is transmitted primarily through blood and poorly through sexual intercourse. The virus is present in semen and in vaginal fluid. Not è clear the risk of transmission through the activitiesà sexual, while the saliva or contact with family do not cause infection.

I sintomi

Only 30% have symptoms, and when to them is the same as that for the A and the B

Cosa succede

30%  who are chronic carriers should be meeting at a cirrhosis, and among these someone avrà the cancer of the liver, after 10, 20 or 30 years..

As it turns out, the diagnosis

The diagnosis is with a blood test and you need to stay at rest and avoid alcohol. In chronic disease using various medicines, often with excellent results..

Sesso che fare?

Not everyone agrees on the needà of the condom, also depends on the viral load, there are chronic hepatitis with viral load low, where the risk is very low.

Prevenzione

Condoms always, always before starting, and no exchange of the cutting edges, the needle, the razor.

In argomento:

  • Diseases in pregnancy: Hepatitis B, C and Aids
  • vaccination against viral Hepatitis B

February 2013