> Constipation: causes, symptoms and remedies

constipation (or constipation) is a disorder quite common, with difficultyà in the evacuation of the feces or with a perception of incomplete emptying of the bowel. We describe the symptoms, the causes and see what can be the cures and remedies to get rid of constipation.

Definition

bowel constipation (constipation or constipation) is a disorder quite common that affects millions of people, mainly the elderly and women. Actuallyà it is not a disease, but a symptom, whose causes can be traced back to a series of organic conditions, lifestyles and dietary habits that can interfere with the normal functioning of the intestine.

In summary, for constipation refers to the difficultyà in the evacuation because of a difficult passage of the hard stools. Every person is different, however, in terms of health, it refers to constipation when the disorder is such as to have less than three bowel movements per week. A condition that può continuing long.

Periods of occasional constipation are very common, however those who suffer from chronic constipation refers to a reduced capacity; in carrying out its activities; daily. In addition, chronic constipation can; cause diseases various related mainly to the passage of fecal material dry and hard (for example, the hemorrhoids).

The chronic constipation is treated depending on the cause that generates the symptom, however, at times, is difficult to identify with certainty the reason for the noise.

Sintomi

Every person has an perception of all subjective on the functioning of their bowel, however, the classic symptoms of chronic constipation include:

    the

  • Stool composed of fragments, hard, dry.
  • the

  • Voltage to the intestinal and abdominal pain.
  • the

  • Feeling of a blockage in the rectum that prevents the transit or bowel movements.
  • the

  • Pain during evacuation.
  • the

  • Feeling of incomplete evacuation.
  • the

  • Difficultyà on expulsion by request of the pressure on the abdomen or manual removal of stool from the rectum.
  • the

  • Less than three episodes of an evacuation a week .

If in the last three months there have been at least a couple of the symptoms described above, the constipation may be chronic.

constipation può cause of the complications:

    the

  • the Dilatation of the veins downwards into the. The pressure of the stool is not expelled può reduce the emptying of the veins causing swelling defined hemorrhoids.
  • the

  • the Small wounds around the anus (anal fissures and perianal warts). Of stool large-volume and difficult-to-eject can be the cause of minor injuries, stress to the anus.
  • the

  • the A product of stool that is not excreted (fecal impaction). Constipation può to cause a stagnation of faeces dry they cannot be expelled, remaining trapped in the rectal ampulla.
  • the

  • the rectal Prolapse. Because of the attempts of extended discharge (ponzamento), a part of the intestine protrudes from the anus and dangling, up to not be più in the home, in the intervals between evacuation and the other.
Similar post:  >The panic attack: the instant the absolute

Cause

constipation occurs commonly due to transit too slow of the food digested through the colon. This condition originates from the reabsorption of excessive water from the intestines towards the body, which is why when faeces arrive in the rectum are hard and dry. Chronic constipation can have different causes related to incorrect life-style, disorders or diseases related to the colon or to the rectum, neurological disorders, disorders of the muscles of the pelvic area or to conditions that affect the hormone levels in the body.

lifestyle

Among the causes related to the styles of life you can find:

    the

  • Diet with little fiber
  • the

  • Too many animal fats
  • the

  • Lack of activityà physics
  • the

  • All of usò that will change the daily habits, such as travel, the type of feeding or pregnancy.
  • the

  • to Overdo it with laxatives
  • the

  • Certain medications
  • the

  • will Not give result of the need to evacuate (procrastination makes più dry faeces)
  • the

  • to Take a few liquids

Diseases of the colon or rectum

these obstacles Are in the colon or in the rectum that can make più slow or stop the transit of the stool. Some of the causes can be:

    the

  • Rectocele (herniation of the rectal wall)
  • the

  • Narrowing of the colon (intestinal stenosis)
  • the

  • anal Fissures
  • the

  • bowel obstruction
  • the

  • abdominal Tumor that presses on the colon
  • the

  • Cancer of the colon or rectum

Patologie neurologiche

these Are pathologies that can interfere with the functioning of the muscles of the colon or rectum that contracting make to move the stool through the intestines. Among these are:

    the

  • multiple Sclerosis
  • the

  • spinal cord Injury
  • the

  • autonomic Neuropathy (a disorder of the nervous system that affects the functions involuntary of the body, including blood pressure, heart rate, and the functionalityà intestinal and digestive)
  • the

  • Parkinson’s Disease

Dysfunction of the muscles involved in the evacuation

this type of disturbance to the pelvic muscles that promote bowel movement:

    the

  • Weakness of the pelvic muscles.
  • the

  • Dissinergia muscle of the pelvic floor (coordination is not proper relaxation, and contraction).

Alteration of the hormones involved

Some of the hormones affect the balance of fluids in the body. It follows that the alterations of these hormones can be a cause of constipation.

    the

  • Thyroid (hypothyroidism)
  • the parathyroid Gland overactive (hyperparathyroidism)
  • the

  • Diabetes
  • the

  • Pregnancy

risk Factors

Some conditions may increase the risk of constipation:

  • Some medications, including psychotropic drugs, sleeping pills, and hypotensive.
  • the

  • Età advanced
  • the

  • sedentary lifestyle
  • the

  • female
  • the

  • Dehydration
  • the

  • Diet with insufficient fiber intake

Diagnosi

Some of the tests will be used to assess the condition of chronic constipation:

    the

  • the x-ray of a progression. This examination consists in the follow through x-rays, a dye, radiopaque, that is ingested by the patient. In this way it is possible to evaluate the functionalityà of the colon.
  • the

  • the anorectal Manometry. In this case, the value of the pressure of the tract, ano-rectal, through the introduction of a balloon that is inflated to assess the deficit and the lack of coordination of the thrust of extrusion.
  • the

  • Recto-sigmoidoscopy. This examination is run by inserting into the anus a fiber-optic flexible that it allows you to see the final stretch of the intestine.
  • the

  • the Defecography. This is an x-ray performed in motion and is ejected a mass of barium (an inert substance, radiopaque).
  • the

  • the Colonoscopy. As for the recto-sigmoidoscopy, with the difference that the observation extends to the entire colon.

Remedies

The care of the chronic constipation has its stronghold in the diet and in movement. This has the purpose of modifying the transit of stool in the body and facilitate its expulsion.

Nutrition and lifestyle

    the

  • the Take daily the just contribution of fibers. The fibre increases the amount; of intestinal contents and retrieve the liquid: this is sì that faeces move more quickly through the intestines. To achieve this purpose, it is useful to increase the quantityà fresh fruits and vegetables introduced every day and reduce the refined flour in favor of those integrals. The kind, the quantityà of the daily fiber recommended is 14 grams per 1,000 calories consumed with power. If you take a few fiber, introduce it suddenly could provocarvi abdominal swelling. This può be avoided by starting slowly and using some of the seventh to reach the quantityà optimal.
  • the

  • the Increase the amount; of movement. Have been obtained or substantial improvements by increasing their movement, preferably all days.
  • the

  • is Not return the bowel emptying. It is important not to ignore the urge when you feel it. Many people have a inhibition to evacuate out of their home. The use of toilet seat hygienic and headphones with the music canò help people to create an environment suitable to their needsà.

Lassativi

laxatives act by acting on different aspects of the evacuation. Examples of laxatives are:

    the

  • the Laxatives, which act by increasing faecal bulk. Are made from fibers such as methylcellulose, psyllium, polycarbophil calcium and guar gum which together to the stool by increasing the volume in a manner to stimulate the response of the muscles of the intestine and of the rectum.
  • the

  • the Laxatives that draw water into the intestine osmotic mechanism. These are substances that, by calling, by osmosis, the water in the gut, facilitate transit. May contain milk of magnesia, magnesium citrate, lactulose, polyethylene glycol.
  • the

  • the Laxatives which lubricate the intestines. Assuming, for the mouth oils that are not absorbed facilitates the sliding of the stool along the colon, for example, mineral oil.
  • the

  • the Challenging to use a laxative. Suppositories and microclisteri, as well asé enemas normal, can be used to stimulate the activitiesà of the rectal ampulla when I shut down in the last stretch of the intestine.

Other drugs

    the

  • the special Medications in prescription. When the laxatives usual not to have success, you can ask your doctor for the prescription of drugs that work by increasing water in the stool, with mechanisms different to those described above.
  • the

  • the investigational Drugs. Research is underway with clinical trials. In some countries it is possible to ask to be included in these studies, and participate in testing.

Training of the pelvic muscles involved

Some of the equipment that are used for rehabilitation (Biofeedback) can help patients suffering from chronic constipation to know and to work better with the contractions and the relaxations that are necessary for a correct evacuation.

A therapist, usually a physiotherapist, guide reading activitiesà of muscle that appears on a screen, teaching the patient to recognize and modify, if appropriate, their activitiesà

Chirurgia

surgery is indicated, the più that in the constipation, in the consequences of it such as hemorrhoids and fissures that do not respond to other treatments, and in rectal prolapse.

IN ARGOMENTO:

constipation and laxatives plant

Laxatives, bulk: Psillo, and flax Seeds

November 19, 2015

Similar post:  >The amazing benefits of acerola