bladder infections are known as cystitis or inflammation of the bladder. Are common in women but quite rare in men. Più of halfà of all the women had at least one cystitis at some point in their life.
However, the possibilityà for a man to have cystitis, grows as it gets older, in part because of an increase in size of the prostate.
doctors are not sure of the perché women have many more bladder infections in men. Suspect that may be becauseé women have a urethra più short, the tube that carries urine out from the bladder. This step is relatively short makes it more easy for bacteria to enter the bladder. In addition, the opening of the urethra of a woman is close to both the vagina or the anus. This makes più easy for bacteria from those areas to enter in the urinary tract.
bladder infections are not serious if treated immediately. But certain people tend to return. Rarely, this can; lead to kidney infections, which are more serious and can have outcome in permanent damage of the kidney. So it is very important to treat the causes underlying an infection of the bladder, and take steps quotes to make sure that they don’t come back.
In older people, cystitis is often difficult to diagnose. The symptoms are less specific and are frequently put into the account the effects of ageing. People più elderly who suddenly become incontinent or who begin acting lethargic or confused should be checked by a doctor for a bladder infection.
Causes of cystitis
most bladder infections is caused by various strains of E. coli, the bacteria that normally live in the intestines.
women sometimes take bladder infections after sex. Vaginal intercourse makes it easy for bacteria reaching the bladder through the urethra. The risk for bladder infection – called “cystitis of a honeymoon” – increases with frequent sex. Pregnant women, whose traits of urinary tract infections change in response to hormones and increased kidney function, are also prone to infections. The aperture and the use of spermicides alone or with condoms also increase the risk of urinary tract infections.
bladder infections can be quite uncomfortable and potentially serious. But for the most part of women, they disappear quickly and are relatively harmless if treated.
In men, a bladder infection can be a symptom of a disorder behind it, and is usually a cause of concern. Può to indicate the presence of an obstruction that is interfering with the urinary tract. Some studies have shown that male children are not circumcised are at risk of contracting a bladder infection during their first five years of life, perhaps becauseé the bacteria can accumulate beneath the foreskin.
In recent years, more and more bladder infections come from two bacteria sexually transmitted diseases: chlamydia and mycoplasma.
use in The home and hospital of the catheter – tubes inserted into the bladder to empty it – può lead to infection.
Some people develop symptoms of a urinary infection when in reality there is no infection. Call painful syndrome of the bladder or cystitis intersiziale, this condition is usually benign but difficult to treat.
The typical symptoms of cystitis are characterized by:
- , Burning, and pain, more or less intense during urination (strangury). There can also be chills and feeling cold.
- Difficultyà to urinate (dysuria), slowness in urination that requires effort and be a little generous
- Number of urination daily increased with a reduction in the volume of urine to be emptied (urinary frequency).
- the stench of urine and turbid appearance.
- Sudden painful spasm and urgent need to urinate
- the Presence of blood (hematuria) or pus (pyuria) in the urine.
- Fever over 38 degrees, chills and lower back pain may indicate spread of infection to the high the urinary tract.
typically, cystitis is solved by increasing the amount of water drunk daily (about two litres). An error that often makes those who suffer from cystitis is to reduce the intake of liquids to avoid feeling the need to urinate.
Normally, the cystitis has a benign course but in some cases, può be required an antibiotic treatment.
Sarà the doctor decide the type of antibiotic and duration of treatment, which typically does not exceed three days.
The directions to follow in order to avoid relapses are rather simple:
- does Not retain the urine, when she run away… do it.
- Urinating before bedtime and after sexual intercourse.
- Keep yourself hydrated, drink every day a couple of litre of water.
- do Not take foods or drinks that can irritate the intestines
- Use only cotton underwear.
- Avoid detergents too aggressive in intimate hygiene. Exceed with the use of douches increases the risk.
- Avoid wearing for too long, wet laundry, such as a costume after the bath.
cystitis: the faq on the prevention and treatment
3 dicembre 2014