> Diabetes: treatment and drugs

Diabete: cos’è?

depending On the type of diabetes, the tools available for the care can be blood glucose monitoring, insulin and oral medications. 

Cura

let’s Start with saying that for the treatment of diabetes, a way of eating healthy, a weight in the norm and the regular activitiesà physics play an important role.

healthy eating

Non c’è a specific diet for diabetes, there is the sound of power. Then, sarà good to include in the daily diet food with a high nutritional content and rich in fiber. Limit foods of animal origin, refined carbohydrates and sweets (the latter only occasionally, and never in addition to your food program).

Someone willà to meet the difficultyà to understand the type of diet più suitable, certainly a specialist doctor willà to help create a dietary plan customized, such as, for example, in the case of type 1 diabetes, sarà included in the carbohydrate count.

Attività fisica

regular aerobic exercise is important for people with diabetes (is also good for those who doesn’t have it). The activityà physics lowers the level of sugar in the blood becauseé the hijacks to the cells that use it to produce energy. It also increases the sensitivityà to insulin, and this means that the body avrà the less the needà of insulin to transport sugar to the cells.

Talk with your doctor and determine the type of activitiesà to play, swim, bike, or walk. It is important to the regularityà, è necessary to force, is sufficient at least a half an hour a day of aerobic exercise which becomes part of your everyday lifeà. If not you move from a very time, start gradually.

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Treatments for diabetes type 1 and 2

The diabetes type 1 può need of treatments as in injections of insulin or use of an insulin pump, count carbohydrates, and frequent checks of blood sugar levels.

For the type 2 diabetes, è expected in the first place, the control of blood sugar, along with diabetes drugs, insulin, or both.

blood glucose monitoring

based On the treatment plan, you canò monitor and record the blood sugar level più times a week, for 4-8 times in a day. This is the only system to be certain that the level of sugar in the blood remains within the limits specified by the doctor.

The subjects in therapy, the insulin can also control the level of sugar in the blood using a system of continuous monitoring of glucose, 24 hours on 24. It is a technology that is not yet able to replace the glucose meter, however può provide important indications on the trends in the glucose levels.

it should Be borne in mind that, even with careful management, the levels of sugar in the blood can lead to changes that are unpredictable. Then, sarà important to understand, along with the doctor, as the response of glucose levels varies in relation to diet, medications, activitiesà physical, alcohol intake, with respect to a disease or, in the case of women, changes in hormone levels.

in Addition to the monitoring of glucose levels, the doctor, with all probabilityà disporrà execution of the test A1C (glycosylated Hemoglobin). This is a common blood test used to measure the average of the last three months of level of sugar (glucose) that is present in the blood of a person.

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The test A1C is becauseé tells how your diabetes treatment is working (it also indicates how the patient is following the doctor’s instructions, if in the last three months, the person has complied with the plan of treatment, examination reveals it).

Farmaci

Insulina

patients with type 1 diabetes will require insulin therapy to survive (and in many cases people with type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes).

there Are several different types of insulin, such as insulin that acts quickly, or the one with intermediate options with action in a long time. Depending on your needs, the doctor prescriverà a combination of insulin types to use throughout the day and the night.

The insulin not è can be administered orally becauseé is destroyed by the gastric juices, and then the recruitment is done by injections underneath the skin. You use thin needles and a syringe, an alternative is the so-called pen insulin.

There is also the option of insulin pump, a device the size of a smartphone, equipped with a reservoir and a catheter that is inserted under the skin of the abdomen. I n this way, you canò to schedule the delivery of insulin by adjusting the specific amount; depending on meals, sugar levels, or on the basis of the activitiesà physics breakthrough.

some of the treatments for diabetes are available other medications that can be taken by mouth or injected. Some stimulate the pancreas to produce and release more insulin, others carry out the function of inhibiting the production and release of glucose by the liver (which reduces the need of insulin needed to carry sugar into the cells).

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Other drugs used to affect the action of the stomach or of some intestinal enzymes in order to “unmount” the carbohydrates or make tissues more sensitive to insulin. For example, Metformin is generally the first drug that is prescribed for type 2 diabetes.

IN ARGOMENTO:

Diabetes: examinations recommended

gestational Diabetes: causes, symptoms and treatment

11 aprile 2017