> Endometriosis: what it is and what are the symptoms

Cos’è endometriosis

endometriosis is a disease that is often painful in which the tissue that normally is placed inside the uterus – the endometrium – grows outside of the uterus. Endometriosis più commonly involves the ovaries, bowel or the tissue lining the pelvis. Rarely, the endometrial tissue può extend beyond the pelvic region.

In endometriosis, the endometrial tissue dislocated and continues to act as it normally would – it thickens, breaks down and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. Given that this fabric set has no way to exit from the body, remains inside. When endometriosis involves the ovaries may form on the cyst calls endometriomi. The tissue around può become irritated and eventually develop scar tissue and adhesions – abnormal tissue that binds organs together.

endometriosis può to cause pain, sometimes very strong, in particular during the menstrual cycle. Can in some cases develop issues of fertilityà. Fortunately, there are effective treatments that help fight the occurrence of such situations.

Symptoms of endometriosis

The main symptom of endometriosis is the pelvic pain, often associated with the menstrual cycle. Although many women complain of cramps during the cycle, those with endometriosis describe the typical menstrual pain very più strong. They also tend to report that the pain is increased in the course of time.

Signs and symptoms of endometriosis may include:


  • the menstrual Cycle painful (dysmenorrhea). Pelvic pain and cramping may begin before and extend several days of the cycle, and can include abdominal pain and back down.
  • the

  • the Pain during sex. Pain during or after sex is common in endometriosis.
  • the

  • the Pain associated with bowel movements or urination. È più likely to have these pains during menstrual cycle.
  • the

  • the excessive Bleeding. You can; check it occasionally to ensure a loop-heavy (menorrhagia) or bleeding in the middle of cycles (menometrorragia).
  • the

  • the Infertilità. Endometriosis is diagnosed in many women who are looking for a cure for infertilità.
  • the

  • the Other symptoms. You canò also experience fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, bloating, nausea, especially during menstrual periods.

The intensityà pain is not; necessarily a reliable indicator of the seriousnessà of the condition. Some women with endometriosis have widespread pain, while others with endometriosis advanced feel little pain or even none at all.

endometriosis is sometimes is mistaken for other conditions that can cause pelvic pain, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) or ovarian cysts. Può be confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), a condition that causes attacks of diarrhea, constipation and abdominal cramps. The IBS può accompany endometriosis, which canò complicate the diagnosis.

When to see a doctor

you Need to see a doctor in case you have signs and symptoms that may indicate endometriosis. The causes of chronic pelvic pain or very strong can be difficult to locate. But first find out the problem, you can avoid complications and pain is not necessary.

Complications of endometriosis

The main complication of endometriosis is the possible infertilità. About a third of women with endometriosis have difficulty in becoming pregnant. Becauseé there is a conception in the ovary must release an egg, which travels down the nearby fallopian tubes to be fertilized by a sperm, to finally attach to the uterine wall and begin development.

endometriosis può obstruct the fallopian tube and not allow egg and sperm to join together. But the endometriosis può influencing fertilityà in a less direct, such as damage to the sperm or ova. Many women with mild to moderate endometriosis can conceive and carry to term a pregnancy. Doctors recommend sometimes women with endometriosis not to delay having children becauseé the condition può worsen with time.

Tumor of the ovary

tumor of the ovary occurs in the percentage of più high compared to what is expected in women with endometriosis. But the risk total life of ovarian cancer is low. Some studies suggest that endometriosis increases that risk, but relatively low. Even if uncommon – another type of cancer – adenocarcinoma associated with endometriosis, può develop in women who have had endometriosis.

To deepen the endometrosi:


  • Causes
  • the

  • Diagnosis
  • the

  • Treatment


Cancer of the endometrium, giving birth after age 30 lowers the risk

abnormal uterine Bleeding, causes and treatment

may 4, 2015

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