> Female sterilization: all the methods

To use Essure, a health care provider puts a tiny insert called microinserto in each of the Fallopian tubes. Once in place, the inserts cause the growth of natural tissue, which blocks the fallopian tubes.

During the procedure, the healthcare provider uses the local anesthetic to asleep the cervix. You may be offered other drugs to help you relax and reduce your discomfort.

Some women report pain from mild to moderate, while the inserts are placed.

As with the vasectomy, Essure is not effective immediately. Three months after the insertion, the practice exams to make sure that the fallopian tubes are completely blocked. Until then, it is necessary to use another form of birth control, or you might be pregnant.

Essure offers some advantages compared to other sterilization methods:

  • The procedure is; più safe methods that require an incision.
  • the

  • is Not; necessary, general anesthesia.
  • the

  • Not è necessary to the operating room.
  • the

  • shooting è più fast – some women return to normal activities; on the same day.

With Essure are not necessary incisions. So there is no visible scar.

What are the risks with Essure?

studies have shown that Essure is safe, but there are still some possible risks:


  • One or both of the inserts may not be positioned correctly the first time. Può be required a second procedure.
  • The inserts can go out of place.
  • The tube can not be completely blocked after three months. Può be necessary to wait another three months to see if they are clogged. If it does not happen can; be required a second procedure.
  • The uterus may be damaged during insertion. This rare complication può require surgical intervention
  • The inserts may be damaged during other medical procedures.

Other rare complications include too much fluid (the procedure isteroscopica) in the blood, changes in menstrual cycle, infection, and pelvic pain or in the back.

Talk with your healthcare provider about the benefits and risks of Essure to help you decide whether to può be the right choice.


laparoscopy is one of the two più common types of sterilization.

the first thing is under general anesthesia. Then the abdomen is inflated with an injection of the gas is not harmful (carbon dioxide).

This allows the health care worker to clearly see the organs. The operator then practice a small cut near the navel and inserts a laparoscope (an instrument similar to an auction with a light and magnifying glass) to locate the Fallopian tubes.

The health care worker può also insert an instrument for closing the tubes, usually through a second small opening. Sometimes you just use a tool and an engraving.

how to può be made in the clinical and surgical outpatient services. It usually takes 20-30 minutes, and usually women go home the same day.


The mini-laparotomy is another common type of sterilization. It is often practiced after having had children. Not used ne gas ne laparoscope. Usually practice local anesthesia. Is practiced a small cut in the lower abdomen, just above the pubic hair or just below the navel.

The health care worker locates the tubes, then the league, puts the clip or use a scalpel electric to close them. Women usually return to normalityà in a few days.


The laparotomy is a surgery important. It is less commonly used of the other methods of engraving.

The healthcare provider makes a cut from two to five inches in the abdomen and then locates and closes the tube. The operation requires anesthesia, regional or general. You might be in the hospital for 2-4 days: it can take several weeks at home to fully recover. If the procedure is carried out after the birth, the hospital stay can be prolonged for 1-2 days.

What are the risks of sterilizations that require an incision?

Complications may occur with any type of surgery. These incision methods are considered to be surgeries to low-risk. The complications that can occur during or after include:


  • bleeding
  • the

  • infection
  • the

  • a reaction to the anesthetic

infections are rare and are treated with antibiotics. Very rarely are damaged, the intestines, the bladder, uterus or blood vessels. In order to fix them you canò be in need of surgery additional.

complications may develop in 1-4 of every 100 sterilizations that are practiced through the abdomen. The death caused by sterilization is extremely rare and is usually caused by a reaction to the general anesthesia.


What happens during a hysterectomy?

hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus. And’ the surgery is important and is not usually used for sterilization. Is used to correct serious medical conditions.

If you have a hysterectomy you will not have più menstruation. Usually not avrà the consequences on the Fallopian tubes. However, some medical conditions require the removal of a fallopian tube and/or ovary, or both.

hysterectomy is practiced through the abdomen and/or vagina. The women must spend several days in the hospital. Usually spend many weeks at home for complete recovery. Should abstain from sexual intercourse for 4-6 weeks, finché, the health care worker does not say that sex is safe.

What are the risks with hysterectomy?

Complications after hysterectomy, such as infection or blood loss, occur in 10-20 cases out of 100. Given that hysterectomy is practiced usually as a result of a serious medical problem, the risk of death is very più great for the sterilization methods of the più common.

Side effects

sterilization is painful?

The health care practitioner will bring you drugs to make sterilization the più comfortable as possible, medications that numb or celery. The choice depends on your state of health and the sterilization method used. Sedation conscious allows you to be alarms, but deeply relaxed. The local or regional anesthesia blocks the sensation of pain in certain areas of the body. They are both very più safe, general anesthesia.

general anesthesia is entirely painless. Allows you to sleep during the procedure.

When you undergo local or regional anesthesia, you may feel a brief discomfort. The pain is relieved with medications and, sometimes, sedatives. Very probably you will not feel any discomfort or a mild discomfort during the procedure.

How can I hearò after sterilization?

The discomfort that you feel after sterilization depends on your general health, the type of procedure and how well it managed the pain. You can feel tired and have slight pain in the abdomen. Sometimes you can feel dizzy, have nausea, feel swollen or full of gas or have shoulder pain or abdominal cramps. Women who use Essure may have vaginal discharge like a light menstrual cycle. Most of the symptoms durerà 1-3 days.

Go to an emergency room if:


  • bleeding from an incision
  • the

  • developed a rash or fever
  • the

  • do you have difficultyà to breathe
  • the

  • do you have fainting
  • you have strong and continuous abdominal pain
  • the

  • do you have unusual discharge or odor from the vagina

How long does it take to recover from sterilization?

Depends on the general health,life-style, and method of sterilization. With the mini-laparotomy and laparoscopy, recovery is usually complete in a day or two.

you Could volervela take comfortable for più than a week or so, but in any case &it is best to avoid lifting heavy things for about a week. The recovery after the sterilization with Essure è più fast – some of the women return to activitiesà to normal the same day of the prcedura. To other you need to a day or two.

Talk with the health practitioner with regard to the recovery of the activitiesà sexual. Remember, if you have had Essure, you need to use another method of birth control until" the operator confirms that the fallopian tubes are not più patent.

Per approfondire

male and female sterilization. Contraception

Sterilization. Tubal ligation

Sterilization: the procedure Essure, how it works

female Sterilization (sterilization tubal)

caesarean section to perform the sterilization of the tubes? Reply no, let us help you

10 November 2014

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