> The influence. How to cure the symptoms

Introduction

The flu is a viral infection that affects the respiratory system.

The influenza viruses are classified in three distinct strains: A, B, C, the various strains that prevail year-to-year are classified according to the geographical area in which there were the first cases. For the safe recognition of the presence of the influenza viruses, you can use specific diagnostic tests.

Sintomi

The clinical picture that characterizes the influence is the following:

    the

  • fever with temperatures above 38°.
  • the

  • inflammation of the respiratory tract.
  • the

  • general discomfort (sore throat, cough, loss of appetite, muscle aches, nasal congestion, the symptoms can be accompanied by nausea and vomiting).

Erroneously, the term influence is referred to viral and bacterial infections that have symptoms similar to Adenovirus, Rhinovirus…).

Trattamento

because there is No effective drugs against the virus, the therapy is limited to the use of symptomatic; however, these drugs can only decrease the state of general malaise without affecting the mechanism of the spread of viral infection. The symptomatic più that are used are:

    the

  • the pain relievers and antipyretics: decrease the aches and pains (headache, sore throat and aching bones and joints) and body temperature. Fever is an important mechanism of immune defense, therefore, the antipyretic should be taken only in cases in which the temperature is particularly high (see article: fever), and in children in whom fever can cause seizures.
  • the

  • the sedatives cough: the cough is a defense mechanism through which our body removes bronchial secretions; it is clear that these drugs should be used with caution.
  • the

  • nasal decongestants: it is administered locally as drops, aerosol, spray. The uncontrolled use of these products may result in a worsening of symptoms.
  • the

  • the vitamin C: not è yet been proven that this vitamin best symptoms of the common cold.
  • the

  • the mucolitici and expectorant: used to promote the expectoration perché reduce the viscosityà of the secretions catarrhal, the same effect can be achieved as you inhale the steam.
  • the

  • the antiviral drugs: by some year, it is the business zanamivir (Relenza) which should stop the spread of influenza virus in the body. This medication has been authorised only in adults and in children with età over 12 years old, presenting typical symptoms of the disease. The zanamivir is not a substitute for vaccination, and is recommended only in people who cannot tolerate the vaccine (eg, allergy to egg, feathers of chicken).

Cosa fare

When you è affected with the flu virus is good to follow the following rules:

    the

  • stay in bed all the time.
  • the

  • keep the environment warm, moist and well ventilated.
  • the

  • avoid to cover to encourage the reduction of body temperature.
  • the

  • drink plenty of fluids (the light, fruit juice, milk), follow a balanced diet.
  • the

  • do not take medication (antibiotics, sedative of the cough, antiviral drugs) without a doctor’s prescription.
  • no smoking!
  • the

  • consult your doctor if the fever remains high for more days.

Vaccination

The prophylactic measure più effective way to prevent influenza is vaccination. The period più suitable for vaccination is from the metà October to end of November. The vaccination is recommended to all the persons belonging to the risk categories:

  • older people with age above 65 years.
  • the

  • health care.
  • the

  • persons in hospitals, rest homes, care institutions….
  • the

  • adults and children who suffer from: heart disease and chronic respiratory, asthma, renal insufficiency, diabetes mellitus, immunosuppression due to disease or therapies, cystic fibrosis, syndromes of intestinal malabsorption, children with rheumatic subjects to prolonged administration of acetylsalicylic acid and the risk of Reye’s syndrome.

dott. Cesare Augusto De Silvestri

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