> Varicose veins: symptoms, remedies and prevention

Definition

varicose veins (or varicose veins) refers to the abnormal enlargement of the veins that appear swollen, and that sometimes, when the varicose relates to a superficial vein, can be observed through the skin. In our body arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the rest of the body, and the veins, instead, they return the oxygen-poor blood to the heart becauseé is not to be pushed out to the lungs and oxygenated.

The arteries, pushing the blood oxygenated, have a muscular tunic very effective, which carries the blood with the pressure of the heart beat (for this reason, the medical personnel can; “feel the pulse”) but not così the veins, which carry blood at low pressure.

Every vein, then può dilate and become varicose, in fact it is a disease quite common that mainly affects the veins of the legs and feet becauseé the upright position (to stay on his feet long) will result in increased pressure on the veins of the lower limbs.

Many of those affected by varicose veins do not complain of symptoms or particular disorders, if not an aesthetic problem. Others, however, accuse pain or sense of heaviness. It is a disease that canò also signal a risk più high of circulatory problems. When the blood slows down and increases the risk of blood clots in the veins especially when the varicose affects the thigh and not the lower part of the leg.

Sintomi

In general varicose veins do not cause pain and may present in this way:

  • No evidence if the varicose is deep.
  • the

  • A bulge under the skin with a color of the veins that goes from dark purple to blue.
  • the

  • Swollen twisted together, like ropes that extend on the legs.

If your symptoms are painful, may include:

    the

  • After being a long time sitting or standing, the pain increases.
  • the

  • Feeling of pain or heaviness in the legs.
  • the

  • Swelling in the legs, burning sensation, muscle cramps, soreness.
  • the

  • Itching in the affected areas, the più often around the ankles.
  • the

  • Wounds, usually near the ankles.

You can also observe groups of varicose veins, more subtle, just under the skin, red or blue color, also called spider just becauseé reminiscent of a spider’s web. Occur on the legs, but it is rare that you form on your face. Typically do not represent a serious health problem, for some it is an aesthetic problem, in others it causes itching or pain.

Complications

varicose veins can give the following complications, although rare:

    the

  • the blood Clots. The risk you run is that of the thrombophlebitis. If the deep veins of the legs increase in size, it is possible that the limb is swollen. It is necessary to seek the opinion of a doctor to exclude the possibilityà of the formation of a blood clot inside of a vein, a condition that requires urgent treatment.
  • the

  • the Sores or ulcers. You can form on the skin of the area affected by varicose veins and be particularly painful. The cause of their formation is explained by the fact that the pressure is abnormal, the blood on the veins affected, occurs an accumulation of fluid in the long run cause ulceration of the skin. In these cases is recommended the opinion of a doctor.

Cause

arteries that have the task of transporting blood from the heart to the tissues of the body, and the veins do return to the heart, so the blood can be continually recycled. To make this work, the veins must work against gravityà. With this purpose, the muscles of the legs and of the feet, contract the acting as a pump, while the walls of the elasticity of the veins and facilitate the return of blood to the heart. Veins are case-sensitive valves which opens, make blood to flow only in the direction of the heart, close instead to prevent the return of blood back.

varicose veins can be caused:

    the

  • the Età. With aging the veins can lose elasticityà and the valves, that ensure the right direction of the blood towards the heart, may reduce their strength by allowing the blood to return back. The consequence is the formation of sacs venous that can grow up to become varicose. The characteristic blue color is due to blood deoxygenated.
  • the

  • the Pregnancy. During pregnancy, the blood volume in circulation increases, however, the blood flow from the legs to the pelvis decreases. This condition promotes the growth of the fetus but has the possible side effect of causing the dilatation of the veins. Varicose veins may appear for the first time in pregnancy, or may be worse towards the end of gestation due to increased pressure on the veins, exerted by the uterus. In general, varicose veins that form during pregnancy, after a few months of the birth, resolve or improve without medical treatment. Also the hormonal changes that occur with pregnancy may be a cause.

risk Factors

These factors increase the risk of developing varicose veins:

    the

  • the Età.
  • the

  • the Sex. Women are more vulnerable to the disease because of the hormonal changes that occur with pregnancy or the menopause. The venous walls are subject to a relaxation with the female hormones and the intake of oral contraceptive pill or hormone replacement therapy in menopause (HRT) può increase the risk.
  • the

  • the family History. If other family members have had to deal with varicose veins, the risk is raised.
  • the

  • the Obesityà and overweight. The excess weight increases the pressure exerted on the venous system.
  • the

  • the Stand or sit for too long. The flow of blood flows less easily
  • smoking
  • the

  • the Sedentarietà, low activity; physical.

Diagnosi

The diagnosis does the doctor who osserverà the legs during the standing position to check for any swelling. Important is also the description of the symptoms warned

If the doctor considers it necessary, willà to resort to ultrasound to verify the operation of the valves within the veins and to check for the presence of a blood clot.

Cure

Except in special cases, varicose veins are treated in outpatient settings, without the needà of a long stay in the hospital. The general suggestions relate to lifestyle, such as losing weight, avoid standing too much time sitting or standing, do the activities; physical and clothing non-members.

Calze elastiche

Very often it is the first remedy you adopt. In general, they can be worn all day and the pressure that they exert on the legs helps the emptying of the venous. It is a device that supports the veins and the muscles of the legs, fulfilling the role that you canò be defined as a an additional pump is external.

In the case of venous insufficiency, this is a first therapeutic approach able to reduce the symptoms and slow the worsening of varicose veins, however, does not lead to healing.

You can buy in a pharmacy, where you can find graduated compression stockings, both to prevent varicose veins, and to treat the various stages of venous insufficiency.

it is important that they are inserted correctly, the elastic stocking must exert on the leg is a compression strong but should not necessarily tighten, causing discomfort.

Chirurgia

If after you have changed style of life and with the aid of the elastic stockings do not occur, the expected benefits, or in the case of a condition più serious, the treatment of varicose veins può include:

    the

  • Sclerotherapy. This is a technique angiologica using injections of solution for injection to achieve the closure of the stretch of the veins affected by varicose. After the treatment occurs an inflammatory reaction to a local (phlebitis chemistry) that causes the closure and the re-absorption of varicose. Typically, after a few weeks, the varicose veins disappear, but può be necessary to use più of a treatment. Sclerotherapy, used also in the case of groups of capillaries, può be performed in a doctor’s office without anesthesia.
  • the

  • the laser Surgery. The new technologies used with laser treatments can be used on varicose veins più small. With the laser surgery you get, the closing of the vein, which gradually tends to disappear. There are treatments that do not involve the use of needles or incisions. Other procedures, however, involve inserting into the vein of a thin laser fiber so as to treat from the inside the affected area.
  • the

  • radiofrequency Ablation. Is typically used for varicose veins più large. The treatment is outpatient and is performed by placing a catheter inside the vein. Once inserted, the catheter is heated and the heat test the shrinkage and closure of the vein.
  • the

  • the Stripping. Typically it affects the vein (greater saphenous vein). With this technique it is removed the vein on the diseased through a series of small incisions. The stripping of può be long, if the removal relates to the stretch that goes from the groin to the ankle, short if it goes from the groin to the knee. The removal of the vein does not produce adverse effects on the circulation of the leg becauseé to ensure the stream are the deep veins. It is a question of the intervention of the più common.
  • the

  • the Flebectomia ambulatoriale. With this technique, your physician practice a series of small incisions on the vein and then remove it with hooks, surgical. It is an outpatient procedure that normally does not require sutures or ligatures vascular.
  • the

  • the endoscopic Surgery. This type of technique uses a tiny video camera that allows you to view the vein from the inside. Once inserted, the physician willà to close the varicose vein and then remove it with small incisions. It may be necessary for this operation only in an advanced state that results in ulcers in the legs.

Remedies

There are a few self-care measures you can take to reduce the discomfort that varicose veins can cause. These same measures can help prevent or slow down the development of varicose veins.

    the

  • the Exercise. Move. Walking is a great way to encourage the circulation of blood in the legs. Talking with your doctor you can; decide the level of activitiesà physics appropriate.
  • the

  • the Weight diet. Excessive weight worsens the things. Losing weight reduces the pressure on the veins. It is important to follow a diet fit, keep the intestine is regulated and reduce the salt consumption può fighting water retention.
  • the

  • the Attention clothing. Avoid high heels. The shoes make it to work the sponge under the sole of the foot, and they engage the calf muscles, which help the veins to empty. Do not use tight clothing around the waist, legs or groin, as this can reduce the venous flow.
  • the

  • the Elevate the legs. To promote venous return &is recommended every day to take breaks to lift your legs above heart height. You canò use a chair with pillows.
  • the

  • is Not stay too long sitting or standing. Remember to frequently change your position. Every 30 minutes at least is necessary to move, and change the static location.
  • the

  • the don’t sit with the legs crossed. In this case is the same leg that reduces the venous return.

alternative Medicine

The extract of seeds of horse chestnut può be an effective treatment for chronic venous insufficiency, a condition similar to varicose veins but all veins have difficultyà to push the blood towards the heart. This può to cause a swelling fixed at the level of the ankles. Many flavonoids can be of help, some of these are not compatible with pregnancy, in general, talk with your doctor before taking a supplement, especially if you take other medicines.

Prevention

può to prevent the appearance of varicose veins, especially if in your family, others suffer from it. Some care forò may reduce the risk for those who già to suffer, to slow down the progress of those present and avoid any new ones. The measures described above can also serve as prevention. Especially:

    the

  • • Keep your legs up when possible
  • the

  • • Maintain a healthy weight
  • the

  • • Make the move, or still walking
  • the

  • • Use shoes and socks comfortable, if not elastic.
  • the

  • • to take care of the supply of the fibers, and reduce sodium.
  • the

  • • Change position often whether you are sitting or standing (swaying from one leg to another)

IN ARGOMENTO:

swollen Ankles and feet in pregnancy: causes and remedies

to Run or walk fast for cardiovascular health, what is better?

10 November 2015

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