> Verruche: cause e rimedi

Description

warts can be: common warts, plantar warts and genital warts

The common warts are a disorder is rather frequent for the way in which most people have had to deal with. These cutaneous formations typically characterized by growths with a rough surface that typically maintains the same color of the skin.

The common warts can affect different body areas, however the areas più often affected are the hands, the elbows, the knees and the feet. To cause is the human papilloma virus and the infection occurs through direct contact with the skin. The subjects più the risk of common warts are children, young people and all the people with the immune defenses weakened.

Usually the common warts will resolve on the sun, often appear on the hands and can:

    the

  • Blend in with the color of the skin, or take on a color ranging from white to brown.
  • the

  • Can be small, fleshy, and grainy to the touch.
  • the

  • Can be studded with small black dots (blood vessels coagulated)

typically, common warts disappear with time, however, it is well to have recourse to the judgment of a doctor in the following cases:

    the

  • If you are in any doubt about the type of training the skin, in other words, if you think that it is not warts.
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  • When a discomfort or affect the activity; everyday.
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  • If you ache, and change of appearance or color.
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  • If, after repeated treatment, continue to grow or recur.
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  • If you have immune system disorders or take immunosuppressive medications (HIV/AIDS)

Cause

To cause the common warts è human papilloma virus (HPV), a virus that is part of the group of papillomaviruses.

this Is a virus characterized by over one hundred different strains and only a few of these are able to cause the growth of warts on the hands or fingers. Those present in other areas of the body, like the feet or the mucous membranes, are caused by other strains of the same virus.

typically, most of the HPV types cause benign growths are relatively harmless, such as common warts. Other strains, in some cases, can cause injuries to the level of the neck of the uterus in women predisposed for some reason.

In the majority of cases, these lesions heal spontaneously, but some, if ignored, may develop towards forms of cancer, as the cervical cancer.

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The contagion, in general, is facilitated by the presence of any lesions on the skin, for example, scratches or trauma. The virus is transmitted by direct contact between skin and skin. Therefore, people who have warts can be vehicles of transmission. And’ possible, also, that the person affected by warts, touching other parts of the body can spread the virus to other areas.

The contagion può also occur through indirect contact, by touching, that is, an object that was previously used by another person with warts. For example, using a moistened towel. The virus survives best in warm, moist environments, that’s whyé the infection è più frequent in the pools or in gyms.

however, each person reacts differently to the HPV virus, and thereò depends on his immune system. Therefore, it is said that after contact with the virus develops necessarily a wart.

Cura

In the majority of cases, common warts disappear on their own without special treatments. Of course, può be required a good dose of patience, becauseé the healing of può take two years, during which period you may develop more warts in close proximityà of the affected area.

it is always possible to resort to the care of a doctor if you feel discomfort or discomfort aesthetic. In this case, depending on the area of the body, which are formed with warts or symptoms advised, the doctor may use different treatment methods. The specialist può take action to eliminate the wart or to fight the virus by stimulating the immune response.

generally are initially used of the therapies, less annoying, especially when to be treated are children. The treatment can take weeks or months and not è excluded that despite treatments the warts, to reform or spread.

    the

  • the salicylic Acid. You use a solution of salicylic acid (available at pharmacies) to remove the callous disregard of the wart. In fact, salicylic acid is a keratolytic has the cioè the abilityà to dissolve the keratin present in the callosa. It is available in gel, ointment or liquid form, however, it is well to remember that keratolytics can also damage the healthy skin. Therefore, caution but also patience becauseé the resolution could take several weeks.
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  • the Cryotherapy. It is a methodology that is running a doctor and that is to freeze the wart. The freezing occurs with the application of liquid nitrogen directly on the point to be treated. After the treatment you will form a blister on the wart that you annerirà in a week then fall. Cryotherapy causes pain, which is why sometimes the doctor uses a local anesthetic and it is possible that you needed more treatments. If the therapy has been well performed, should not remain scars.
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  • the laser treatment. The doctor has several procedures laser to destroy warts (più frequently plantar). One of these is the pulsed laser, with which you cauterizzano the small blood vessels that bring nutrients to the wart. The result is the detachment of the wart, however the procedure does not è yet substantiated by evidence on its effectiveness. Also, in addition to being rather expensive, is painful and leaves scars.

According to some studies, the use of salicylic acid gives better results when it combines with cryotherapy.

If the treatment with salicylic acid or cryotherapy does not yield the expected results, it willà to try with other solutions containing the acid bicloroacetico or trichloroacetic. These are corrosive substances that the doctor use after you have shaved the surface of the wart. After the application you feel pain and itching and, usually, multiple treatments are required weekly.

home Remedies

There are treatments that can be performed in house and which often prove to be effective. Those più:

    the

  • the Freezing. It is a therapy that uses liquid nitrogen (see cryotherapy). It is not recommended to use this type of treatment only under the supervision of a doctor, however in the pharmacy are in the commerce of the kit indicated for use in the home that perform a similar action.
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  • the Peeling with salicylic acid. These products are in the form of liquid, cream or gel, available at pharmacies without a prescription. Typically have an active substance content of around 15-17%. For best results, before applying the wart must be kept immersed in warm water for 10-20 minutes, then it goes smooth taking away the dead skin (you canò use a pumice stone or a nail file). The treatment is daily (even twice a day), and può be necessary to continue for a few weeks.
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  • the Tape. Use for six days a tape of silver with which the wart is thoroughly covered. Then, remove the tape and soak the wart in water, then use a pumice stone or a nail file (the disposable) to remove the dead tissue. Finally, the wart must be kept uncovered for 10-12 hours, then repeat the procedure until his death.

On the effectiveness of the adhesive tape, the results of the study refer only to the use of tape or in combination with other therapies.

Cure alternative

There are a few alternative remedies which, however, are not supported by evidence showing an efficacy better than the use of salicylic acid and cryotherapy:

    the

  • the silver Nitrate. It is available in solution or ointment (in the pharmacy with an appropriate applicator).
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  • the zinc. It is available both as an ointment and in pills. The ointment should be applied directly on the wart, while the oral intake può help strengthen the immune system, by integrating a possible zinc deficiency.
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  • the Smoke. It is smoking out the wart in a separate “smoke box”. It is a remedy with origins in chinese medicine and using the leaves of a particular poplar that takes the name of Populus euphratica.

Prevention

To reduce the risk of common warts is necessary to remember that these are contagious, and then:

    the

  • hygiene is essential. If you have touched your wart, wash the hands to avoid the risk of carry it around in other parts of the body. In the same way, wash your hands if you attend a gym, and touch the tools that are in common with other people.
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  • do Not touch the warts, one should avoid any contact not only with those of other people, but also with your own.
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  • Avoid eating up the nails. The skin under the nail that is damaged is a port of entry for the virus.
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  • Avoid sharing with people who have warts, nail files, nail clippers, small scissors or pumice stone.

IN ARGOMENTO:

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