> Aids, increase in pregnant women and babies treated with the antiretroviral drugs

Remember that in the world of people with hiv are 33.2 million, and 2.1 million have less than 15 years. In 2007, ‘ makes known the Unicef – were about 420 thousand children have contracted the HIV virus and 290 thousand are dead because of Aids. 90% of children who have contracted Hiv live in sub-saharan Africa”.

most of The children contracted the virus from their mother during pregnancy, delivery or through breastfeeding.

About 50% of these children dies before reaching two years. To detect the relationship of the UN “Children and AIDS: second update report”(presented April 3 in New York), on progress made in relation to the impact of AIDS on children and adolescents, which emphasizes how in 2006, in countries with low and middle-income 127.300 hiv-positive children have received treatment based on antiretroviral drugs, with a 70% increase compared to 2005, the increase was of 70 % with regard to pregnant women.

The report focuses on countries of low and middle income, and examines the progress made – and the challenges still open in 4 key areas: the prevention of transmission of HIV from mother to child, provision of child care, prevention of infection among adolescents and young people protect and support children affected by HIV/AIDS.

recent Estimates show that the prevalence of Hiv among pregnant women of age between 15 and 24 years old that have turned to the centres of prenatal care and decreased compared to the biennium 2000/2001 in 11 of 15 countries with sufficient data available.

Of these, 8 are countries of eastern and southern Africa. In many countries, concludes the Unicef report “we are getting progress to ensure protection, care and support for children affected by Aids; the gender gap in school attendance between orphans and non-orphans is shrinking and an increasing number of vulnerable children have access to education and social protection.”

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In Rome, in the framework of the international campaign to ‘True development through health!’ promoted by Aidos, ActionAid , Cestas, German Foundation for world population (Dsw) and the Polish Foundation for women and family planning (Fwfp), in collaboration with the european Union and the Fondazione Edoardo Garrone. that è was organized the exhibition ‘Positive Lives’, which you canà open until 10 April, at the Caffè Literary of the Via Ostiense, where you can visit the photo exhibition and receive the publication ‘Over Aids’, edited by Aidos and Lettera22.

The photographic exhibition – già presented in Genoa and Padua tells how living with a disease that every day record of more than 10 thousand new cases of infection, of which 6500 relating to women, becauseé, as pointed out by Daniela Colombo, president, Aidos, on the occasion of the inauguration of the exhibition and its encounter with Aids, what is changed in Europe and in the world” : ‘the Aids declines always più in the female perché women are at greater risk of contracting the virus.

unprotected sex and low availabilityà on the territory of health care make women more vulnerable to Hiv infection’.

In the african continent transmission by sexual intercourse is in the lead among the causes of the spread and it is only with the prevention and the correct information that you willà to reverse this trend’.

And speaking of prevention and information, and especially of good practices, the Report cites the cases of Botswana, a country with an effective healthcare system, which has integrated services for the prevention of mother to child transmission of the virus, and those for maternal health, newborn and child in Jamaica, instead, the health workers have been trained to raise awareness in the community; preventive treatment for Hiv, while in Kenya in 2006, the non-governmental organization ‘Women Fighting Aids’ through the project ‘male plus Pmtct Champion’ has recruited 12 hiv-positive people with characteristics suitable to the listening and involvement of people to work in facilities that provide prenatal and postnatal services and in the villages of the districts of Mombasa and Kisumu.

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good practice you can; still be talking about Zambia, and Zimbabwe, where the sieropositività mother " reported on the medical records of the child così to inform health professionals on the state of health of the child and to provide the necessary care.

In Uganda, instead, the work of The Aids Support Organization’ has shown that the way the più simple and più economic healthcare é what to deliver to your home.

In Cambodia, the national system for the services for the Hiv pediatric provides treatments and medication to about 70% of the children who need it.

In the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean finally, Unicef and Mtv have made the documentary Sexpress Yourself in which young people speak openly about sex, sessualità, gender issues and Hiv.

AIDS – HIV Infection and women at risk of più.

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Diseases in pregnancy. The warning signs, how to recognize them.

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Page published on 08 April 2008