> Stroke, moderate consumption of alcohol reduces the risk in women

Già had previously been described a greater risk reduction in women than in men.

The prospective studies cohort are forò always been limited, and alcohol consumption in women is less than men  (42% of women compared to 62% of men reported the consumption of 12 or more alcoholic beverages in the last year). Women drink less than men and this has always made evaluation difficult.

This latest research, however,  examines the association between the amount; of alcohol consumed and the risk of stroke ischemic or hemorrhagic on a sample greater.

Is that a moderate consumption is associated with a reduction in risk vis-à-vis the stroke hemorrhagic or ischemic.

The study has been published online in the march 8 on the Stroke. The researchers examined the data of 83.578 women from the Nurses’ Health Study who had not had a diagnosis of cardiovascular disease or cancer.

The participants have been followed from 1980 to 2006, and have provided information on the consumption of alcohol at the beginning of the study and for the previous  4 years.

they Have also provided information on the risk factors more related to the styles of life and on the stroke for two years.

During the observation period,  there were 2.171 stroke. These 1.206 were ischemic, 363 hemorrhagic, and 602 of the unknown nature.

About 30% of the women reported never to have consumed alcohol, 35% reported very low levels of consumption (less than 4.9 g/day equal to about half a glass of wine every day), and 37% reported consumption moderate (5-14,9 g per day, equal to a glass and a half of wine, or a cocktail or a beer)

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The analysis of these data showed  that women who consume a low or moderate dose of alcohol had a lower risk of stroke than women who never consume any alcohol.

there were Not enough strong bevitrici to assess the risk associated with quantity; the more alcohol, but the Jimenez emphasizes the importance of moderating alcohol intake. In fact, in moderate doses prevents blood clots and increases HDL cholesterol, the good one.

A large consumption forò is the opposite effect becauseé raise the pressure and promotes atrial fibrillation, both risk factors for stroke.

Jimenez stresses and recommends that however  women who do not take alcohol they should not start to drink, no matter how little, with the aim to increase their protection against stroke.

Lisa Canitano

10 aprile 2012