> Test for early diagnosis of tumors, which are useful?

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  • Introduction
  • the recommended Screening
  • Test for cervical cancer
  • Test for colon cancer
  • Test for breast cancer
  • Test to avoid

Introduction

The aim or the mission statement of the Union of consumers, non-profit organization and independent, and that the public Consumer Reports, is to work for a market that is fair, just and safe for all consumers, helping them to protect themselves.

In the course of the years, the group has always purchased, independently, tested and reviewed products, ranging from cars, to cell phones, kit for the  blood sugar measurement.

Now, for the first time, addressed the issue of cancer screening.

The evaluations are based mainly on the inspections made by the USPSTF (from the Preventive Task Force Service of the United States) and, above all, on the evidence emerged after a report that the USPSTF has been released and has been taken into account.

The research team has evaluated the number of people affected by cancer in the phase of execution of the test, the cost of the  test of therapy, and the benefits of a test là of its capacity to detect cancer.

In the analysis, published online and soon to be published in the march issue of Consumer Reports, screening for cancer cervical, colon and breast has received the votes of a più high, the who indicates that they are the più effective among the tests currently available.

most of The people, the report said, should not waste their time to carry out the screening for the tumors of the bladder, lung, oral, ovarian, prostate, pancreatic, skin and testicular cancers.

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From the investigations of the consumers agree to submit to the screenings, saying, “I have nothing to lose attitude, which could not be più away from the truthà,” said John Santa, director of Consumer Reports Health Center.

Unfortunately, some health care organizations have led to the effect that" the people believed in this, amplifying the benefits of cancer screening, and to minimize the damage they can do,” he said in a statement dr. Santa.

dr. Santa explained that the evaluation of each test has been carried out for groups of età specific, to be able to help consumers to understand when they should be screened for cancer and when they should avoid it. “We have also attempted to identify some of the factors, high-risk, which may make the screening decision was not reasonable,” added the doctor.

Affrontare lo screening del cancro

The message is prevalent is that individuals have “nothing to lose and everything to gain by going to a screening for cancer.”

This simply is not true, observes the report. Even if the benefits of screening are clearly superior to the risks, in some cases, screening può bring to biopsies, unnecessary and/or treatment not required.

“The community; the medical and the system of the Sanità, has systematically exaggerated the benefits of screening and on the contrary, for years he has minimized the damage,” according to the contents of a report by H. Gilbert Welch, of the Institute for the Dartmouth health policy and clinical practice in Lebanon, New Hampshire.

survival statistics tend to be inflated by “over diagnosis” through the identification of tumors that will never give life-threatening. In addition, some advertising campaigns can be misleading, according to the report.

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Screening raccomandati

The following 3 tests are recommended by the Organization.

Test for cervical cancer

screening for cancer of neck of uterus is recommended for women 21-65 years of ageà. Women in the range of 21/30 years of age should perform a Pap test every 3 years, while women aged 30 to 65 years of age must have a Pap test every 5 years if you have già carried out the test for the human papillomavirus.

Test for colon cancer

screening for cancer of the colon è recommended for people between the 50/75 years. For people aged 76 to 85 years of age, screening is less valuable. In subjects over 86 years of age, screening has received a low score, while for those between the  subjects più young people and up to  49 years of age, has received the score più low as possible.

Test for breast cancer

screening for breast cancer is recommended for women between 50 and 74 years. The women around  40 years of age and those over 75 should discuss screening with their doctor to see if the benefits of screening are greater than the damages, on the basis of their risk factors.

Test da evitare

Also, the article which appeared in Consumer Reports has highlighted the screening that the low risk should be avoided.

Women of every age should give up to make screening for the ovarian cancer unless they are considered to be high risk, becauseé the tests are not very effective.

For adults of all agesà, screening for the pancreatic cancer is not necessary unless a person is high risk, becauseé there are no tests that can diagnose the disease in a phase curable.

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For men of all agesà, screening for the testicular cancer is not needed unless high-risk. The majority of testicular cancers found without screening are curable.

Screening for bladder cancer, lung, oral cavity and skin are only needed in high risk people.

Men between 50 and 74 years should discuss screening for the prostate cancer with their doctor to see if the benefits of the test are più important of the damage, on the basis of their risk index.

men più elderly rarely have a need for the test, and the men più young people should consider testing only if they are at high risk.

IN ARGOMENTO:

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Prevention of cancer

The cancer of neck of uterus, risk factors

The tumor of the neck of the uterus. Prevention of cervical neoplasia

the Pap Test is unnecessary after a hysterectomy

Test for early diagnosis of tumors, which are useful?

March 2013