> After the birth, at home with the baby

home  after child birth

The transition from intrauterine life to extrauterine requires the baby to a period of progressive adaptation, which must be taken into account to understand its behavior in the first weeks of life.

to Recognise from the outset that the infant expresses his emotions, and seeks to dialogue with the mother is essential to set up with him in a respectful, emotional, enriching for both of you.

The recognition of the sensory experiences of the già acquired by the fetus helps to give diverse responses: touching, rocking, massaging, be seen, be heard with a tone of voice that the child can recognise as “known”, to read a story-even if very small, to bring the music heard in the pregnancy, etc.

The fetal life is almost all lived in the movement: in addition to the right of the fetus, the mother on the day you move. The fetus receives thrusts and controspinte from the amniotic fluid and the wall of the uterus. From this experience comes the baby the pleasure of being rocked to sleep that brings him back to the sensations of well-known and pleasant.

Generally, when the mother moves, the fetus is stationary and vice versa; during sleep, when the mother dreams of, the fetus is stopped, in sleep without dreams moves: these alternations of movement are interpreted as the beginning of a form of dialogue where, if one speaks, the other listens, waiting for his turn.

the position of The fetus in the uterus is similar to that which it has when it is lying on a hammock: with the back arched and supported while the limbs are free to move. For this reason the baby calms down when it is supported in this position.

the tears, however, is a very effective system of communication to attract the attention of adults, but sometimes they also need to download the tension accumulated in a day is wonderfully full of stimuli.

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For the whole of foetal life, the child has been fed continuously through the umbilical cord. Also, it is filled literally to the stomach every time that she wanted to swallowing. Didn’t know né hunger, né thirst, né feeling of an empty stomach.

umbilical Cord: when to cut?

With the birth the baby takes its first fundamental experience: feel hungry and uncomfortable, then comes the mother and the discomfort and discomfort cease, learn slowly to adapt to these new rhythms and intervals, and have confidence in the response of the maternal to his needs.

once you have reached such trust, willà afford to wait, with the certainty that within a certain time the answer will comeà (with confidence way it will learnà also to understand the value of time, così obvious to the adults).

At birth the infant does not have elements to distinguish the day from the night and came to an abrupt insertion in an environment where there is the alternation of light and dark; the way it will learnà to recognize the day from the night, and, above all, that almost all of night sleep and day off.

The baby adatterà gradually these new rhythms in a few weeks, if the parents forbid to teach, with behaviour that is  diversified, of day and night. For example, the nighttime feedings sarà better to make them with soft light, without much preamble and without too much noise added.

At the opposite of the day the feed willà be accompanied or preceded by the diaper change, a massage, a chat with mom, etc.

During the neonatal period the small, sleeping for most of the time. There are two types of sleep that alternate every thirty minutes, the quiet sleep and active sleep. During quiet sleep the baby’s face is relaxed, eyes are closed and the eyelids motionless, there are movements of the body with the exception of a few small gasp or slight movement of the mouth.

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During the active sleep the eyes are usually closed, but sometimes they can be opened and closed repeatedly, there may be movements of the arms and legs and around the body, the breath is irregular, and the face can have different expressions (grimaces, sorrisini, face, frowning face). In their transition from active sleep to quiet (about every 20-30 minutes), the child comes very close to awakening and può start to whine or move around.

it is good to respect these delicate passages between a sleep phase and the other, without intervening immediately (for example, picking her up at the first whimper), so as not to interfere in the learning of the child of a normal rhythm of sleep.

Your newborn alternates periods of sleep and periods of wakefulness. There is a state of peaceful wakefulness, during which the child moves very little, and his eyes are wide open: is the time in which he is studying the environment that surrounds it, fixed his gaze on objects and people, seeks to capture how many più information as possible.

it is very important to comply with these steps, all of its exploration, allowing them to stay awake without someone to take him immediately in her arms.

At other times is it appropriate to speak to him, read him a story, sing a nursery rhyme, let him listen to music, take it in the arm. The child looks very different during the waking state is active during which is often in motion, looks around, and emits small sounds, usually before meals.

learning, right from the very first età of life, takes place largely through imitation of what you see and hear around us. Recent discoveries have shed light on how some structures of the brain (called mirror neurons) reflect the inside of our brain what we see done by others, and how such information should be fixed in the memory.

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it is surprising to see with how much attention a newborn 20-30 days comincerà to follow, fascinated, the voice, the facial features and the movements of those who speak with sweetness at the distance of 20-30 cm and then respond by trying to imitate him.

For help, after the birth of the women should be able to dedicate time to themselves, for example: do a light activityà physical, take time to rest, get help with the housework and in the care of the child, to talk to someone of their own emotions and make sure all the possibilitiesà access to the social networks of support for maternityà.

sometimes to be brave and do everything in there runs out, so più that after the birth, sometimes it happens that you experience a psychological discomfort, the più sometimes mild and passenger (maternity blues), but also to develop a depressive disorder.

può be reluctance to recognize these symptoms, shame, sense of failure, or for fear of being deemed inadequate to the care of your child.

The mood changes and attitude can be linked to the tiredness and the difficultyà of the relationship (do not be afraid to ask for a help, try to relax) but at other times it can be really depressed.

disorders più mild or moderate can not be recognized by the partner, family and even health professionals. But the importance of this disorder also depends on the tempestività with which you face! Talk with those who will assist you, or go to a family Counseling center, può be something trivial and fleeting or something moreù.

contact: UNIT, Mental health and Emotional Relationships and of the Post-partum Responsible UNIT: Prof. ssa Franca Aceti, Viale dell’università 30 – 00185 Roma Tel.: 06/49914539 – 06/44712210.

Download the pdf of the Calendar of Pregnancy

Per approfondire:

Il puerperium

Depressione post partum