Cos’è la poliomelite
polio is a contagious disease caused by a virus that is eliminated with the faeces.
The virus is transmitted from person to person via the hands or contaminated objects, or through food and water.
small children have the greatest risk of contracting the infection.
In the majority of cases the infection with mild symptoms, such as fever and pharyngitis, sometimes forò the virus reaches the nervous system, causing paralysis that can be permanent and even deadly.
there is no specific therapy to cure polio.
Quanto è frequente in Italia?
Before vaccination, every year, occurred in Italy between 1,000 and 10,000 cases of poliomyelitis paralytic. The polio vaccination has been introduced in Italy at the end of the ’50s, and since then, the disease is drastically reduced. The last case of polio paralytic acquired in Italy, it is requires the uìthe market in 1982, and the whole of Europe has been certified free from polio in June 2002.
Europe is the third region to achieve elimination, after the Americas (1994) and the Western Pacific (2000). However, polio is still present in some countries in Asia and Africa. For it is possible that the polio virus is reintroduced in Italy.
and Then, thanks to vaccination, no one is sick, but finché polio esisterà also in a single country in the world, we could, if we stopped vaccinating, we find ourselves once again faced with cases of polio.
What the vaccine is used to prevent it?
Currently in Italy, vaccination against polio is required for intramuscular injection vaccine, Salk, also called IPV).
The vaccination 4 doses: the first in the 3° in the same month, the second and third, respectively, in the 5° in the same month, and 11°-13° in the same month, and the fourth during the 5-6° life-year.
Are present on the market, several combined products, which combine the component polio with other vaccines provided in the età paediatric.
What are the risks of the vaccination?
most of The vaccinated subjects do not suffer from any problem; the possible side effects are limited to fever and pain or swelling in the injection site.
When you do not può be done?
In the case of a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) after administration of a previous dose of the vaccine, subsequent doses should not be performed.
in Addition, vaccination is contraindicated in case of severe allergic reaction (anafìlassi) to a component of the vaccine.
The vaccination should be postponed in case of acute illness is important, with or without fever.
the Municipality of Rome – Department for Policies for the Promotion of the Child and the Family – Department XVI
Page updated on 31/5/2006