> Vaccination influenza

Definizione

It spreads directly from person to person and during the outbreaks the più affected are the children in età drain.

presents with sudden fever, sore throat, dry cough, muscle aches and a general malaise important that lasts several days. Generally the flu is a mild illness, but in people with underlying diseases (e.g. cardiovascular diseases) and in the elderly can occur important complications.

The complication important più frequent è pneumonia.

Which vaccine to use against the flu?

The vaccine is composed of virus components important for inducing the immune response.

The viruses that cause this disease have the characteristic of change each year; for this reason, the vaccine is different from year to year and contains the three strains of influenza viruses that the World Organization of the Sanità believed to circulate in the next epidemic in the winter.

To protect adequately the vaccine is then repeated yearly. In children of age less than 12 years of age who are getting vaccinated for the first time, is recommended in the administration of two doses of the vaccine. the

What children should be vaccinated?

vaccination is recommended for children of age above 6 months suffering from chronic diseases of the respiratory, cardiovascular, metabolic and renal, for the children, immunosuppressed and those on long-term therapy with aspirin.

However, a survey conducted in Italy in 2003 has shown that, unfortunately, only%8 of children at risk in the second year of life is vaccinated against the flu.

And it’s important that these children be vaccinated becauseé have a risk più high of complications of influenza. the

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What are the risks of the vaccination?

side effects are rare and consist mainly of local reactions such as pain or redness at the injection point. You may also have fever, malaise, and muscle aches.

In such cases, the vaccination could notò be done?

vaccination is contraindicated in persons who have a severe allergic reaction (anafìlassi) against the vaccine or its components (for example severe allergic reaction to eggs or products that contain eggs).

should Be taken of the particular precautions in persons who have developed Guillain Barre within six weeks of a previous dose of influenza vaccine.

The vaccination should not be performed in children of age less than 6 months and should be postponed in case of acute illness is important. the the Municipality of Rome – Department for Policies for the Promotion of the Child and the Family – Department XVI

Page updated on 31/5/2006