Cos’è il pneumococcus
The pneumococcal is a bacterium responsible for many of the child’s ear infections, and other illnesses more serious such as meningitis, sepsis, pneumonia.
Some of these diseases, such as meningitis or sepsis can be very dangerous and sometimes can cause death also.
How is it transmitted the infection?
The pneumococcus is transmitted through respiratory droplets but the contagiosità è very low.
Many people host him in the nose and throat without consequences; in some cases, instead of pneumococcus può cause serious diseases, such as meningitis and septicaemia.
The people of the più at risk are those with compromised immunity, chronic diseases, and the elderly.
children under two years attending the nest may present a greater frequency of these diseases, becauseé have a greater risk of coming into contact with the pneumococcus. the
What are the frequent infections invasive pneumococcal disease in Italy?
In our country are available detailed information for the meningitis pneumococcal. Are reported about 200 cases a year, of which approximately 20% in children up to 5 years of età.
In 2004, the cases in the age group; 0-4 years were 38. the
Who should be vaccinated?
vaccination is recommended for children with chronic diseases (e.g., diabetes mellitus or renal failure) or immunosuppression, and for the children of age less than 2 years old who attend the communityà of the school.
depending On the epidemiological situation in the local, there are also some regions in italy that offer the vaccination to all new born.
The number of doses to be made varies according to the age: three doses at a distance of at least four weeks apart for children that you vaccinate in the first year of life, while for those più a year of età è enough for only one dose.
What are the risks of the vaccination?
The più frequent reactions after vaccination antipneumococcica are local reactions, cioè pain, redness, swelling or induration at the seat of the administration, and fever.
In which cases you can’t; be done?
In the case of a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to a vaccine, subsequent doses should not be performed, while the vaccination should be postponed in case of acute illness is important.
vaccination is contraindicated also in patients who have a severe allergic reaction to a component of the vaccine.
the Municipality of Rome – Department for Policies for the Promotion of the Child and the Family – Department XVI
Page updated on 31/5/2006