> Immunizations required and recommended for infants.

In Italy, are compulsory in some of the vaccinations for the new born, respectively, against the following: polio, tetanus, diphtheria and hepatitis B; this é also mandatory for teenagers to 12° year of età.

Here is a calendar of the above-mentioned vaccinations.

Are used: the bivalent vaccine D. T. (diphtheria and tetanus)

the oral Polio O. P. V., and to the infants by the mothers were healthy carriers of viral hepatitis, hepatitis a, b not é più derivative of blood, but obtained with techniques of genetic recombination, so much moreù safe and devoid of side effects.

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3°MONTH 1° – dose ORAL POLIO 1° – dose DIPHTHERIA TETANUS 1° – dose HEPATITIS B
5° MONTH 2° – dose ORAL POLIO 2° – dose DIPHTHERIA, TETANUS, 2° – dose HEPATITIS B
11°-12° MONTH 3° dose-ORAL POLIO 3° – dose DIPHTHERIA, TETANUS, 3° – dose HEPATITIS B
3° YEAR 4° dose of ORAL POLIO (the recall)
6° YEAR 4° – dose DIPHTHERIA – TETANUS
12° YEAR all adolescents who have not completed the vaccination of the hepatitis b + TETANUS

it Is a requirement for all pregnant women to do research of the Australia antigen (HBsAg) to check if they were healthy carriers of hepatitis B.

were healthy Carriers means that they have contracted the disease, they have passed, are then più sick, but can still transmit it through blood or to the fetus through the placenta.

In case the woman was HBsAg positive, and then a carrier, the newborn sarà così vaccinated:

    the

  • at birth, 1° dose + immunoglobulin;
  • the

  • 2° dose after 1 month;
  • 3° dose practiced at the 3° in the same month to coincide with the vaccinations for polio, diphtheria and tetanus.
  • the

  • 4° dose sarà practiced all’ 11° month.
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All of the mandatory vaccinations in Italy are free of charge and are charged by the S. S. N. in public health services of the Unità the Local Health authorities.

The vaccinations recommended for the new born

in Addition to compulsory vaccinations, there are 2 vaccinations that we recommend that you practice the new-born, are those against whooping cough and the measles.

The measles, contrary to what you think, " a disease that canò give serious complications to the load of the respiratory system, the brain, etc., Is a highly prevalent disease and often occurs in epidemic form in the communityà childish.

however, the vaccine is extremely easy to do (single subcutaneous dose at 13° month) and virtually free of complications and side effects. The vaccination, which is recommended for up to 8° – 10° year of life, is very useful if you come into contact with a sick individual, as is the origin of the infection and therefore the disease, if practiced within 72 hours.

For the foregoing reasons, the vaccination antimorbillosa, that some USL have practiced on a large scale, is the più recommended between vaccinations non-mandatory.

Also, the pertussis (whooping cough, whooping cough) is a disease that canò give epidemics among the community; between the communityà childhood and can create big problems if contracted in the 1° year of life (respiratory disorders, encephalitis, etc,) for these reasons it is recommended the vaccine to all new born.

The dosage and the modeà of the use of vaccination are similar to those of tetanus and of diphtheria, with the exception that the 6° year, for whooping cough, you do not make the call. Below is the calendar of vaccinations that we recommend to map to the mandatory and cioé:

  • 1. the antimorbillo
  • the

  • 2. vaccine, in addition to the one for the diphtheria and tetanus , taking the name TRIVALENT.
  • 3. the antirosolia
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3° MONTH 1° dose “(diphtheria + tetanus + pertussis cioè TRIVALENT) or: – ” – DIPHTHERIA + TETANUS
5° MONTH 2° – dose ”
11° – 12 months 3° – dose ”
15° MONTH the antimorbillo single dose subcutaneous administration, or MEASLES – RUBELLA – MUMPS
9° – 10° year the antirosolia (*) single dose subcutaneous administration only girls prepubescent

*The vaccination against rubella is a vaccination recommended for all girls at the age of 10 years who have not contracted the disease or women who are planning a pregnancy and are not immunized to rubella. We conclude this brief review with a few considerations.

With the advent of vaccinations in the developed countries, serious diseases such as tetanus, poliomyelitis, and diphtheria have virtually disappeared; this will beà in Italy also for hepatitis b within 12 years.

The complications, the side effects of vaccines are in any case lower the side effects of the disease.

In almost anyà of the cases the disorders that are a result of a vaccination are of small entityà: fever, diarrhea, loss of appetite, itching,.

it Is extremely difficult that infants have no contraindications to the use of vaccines. the

we Advise the mothers of the turn with confidence to your pediatrician to practice vaccinations to making sure the list below is purely informational as it will haveà be the doctor, on the basis of the data of each child, indicate the vaccines to be carried out also in relation to the physical and mental development of the child.

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May 2006