Cos’è the meningococcus?
This bacterium is present normally in the nose and throat of many people without causing disease.
In some cases, and for reasons still unknown, it può forò to cause meningitis or sepsis, sometimes with a fulminant course.
The meningococcus is a bacterium that is widespread in all over the world; there are different serotypes but only a few cause invasive diseases; among these are the più popular in Italy and in other European countries are the B and the C.
serious infections are more frequent among children of age less than 5 years, but the disease also affects adolescents and young adults.
How is it transmitted the infection?
The infection is transmitted through respiratory droplets, but the contagiosità è very low. In people who have come in contact with people with meningococcal will può to prevent the development of the disease through the administration of specific antibiotics. Even the children who attend the nursery can present a higher frequency of these diseases, becauseé have a greater risk of coming into contact with the meningococcus.
What are the frequent infections meningococcal in Italy?
Every year there are reported about 200 cases. The largest number of cases occurs in children and adolescents.
In 2004, they were recorded 342 cases of meningitis or sepsis, meningococcal, of which 176 (51%) in the age group; 0-14 years. There is a strong stagionalità with peaks in winter and spring, primarily due to the seasonal outbreaks of flu.
Who should be vaccinated?
The vaccine on the market in Italy protects against the meningococcus type C, the più frequent in Italy. Vaccination anti-meningococcal C è recommended especially for children with deficiency of the immune system.
today, è was introduced routinely to all newborns in some regions with high frequency of this pathology.
What are the risks of the vaccination?
The più common reactions consist of pain, redness, swelling, and hardening at the point of injection for 1-2 days.
they May also be present fever of intensityà moderate, drowsiness, headache and sense of malaise. the
In which cases you can’t; be done?
vaccination is contraindicated in persons who have a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to the vaccine or its components.
The vaccination should be postponed in case of acute illness is important.
the Municipality of Rome – Department for Policies for the Promotion of the Child and the Family – Department XVI
Page updated on 31/5/2006