most of The vaccinations require administration of more doses to achieve adequate protection against the disease to be prevented; therefore, it is important to not delay and do not forget any of the doses provided.
The first dose of the vaccines antidifterite, tetanus, pertussis, polio, hepatitis B, and Hib is administered during the third month of life (that is; starting from 2 months of age).
The subsequent doses are made in the 5° 11°-13° month. In addition, starting from 12° month of life, are administered with the vaccines against measles, mumps and rubella, while for vaccinations antidifterite, tetanus, pertussis and polio additional booster doses in età later.
at the same time più vaccines for different diseases increases the risk of side effects?
No, the vaccines are allowed to be used at the same time only when you have proven to be safe and effective when administered together. Before they are approved by the national control bodies of the different Countries are carried out numerous tests of safety and effectiveness.
scientific studies have shown that not c’è an increase of risk of side effects when you administer more vaccines at the same time.
Currently, the majority of vaccines are administered in a combined form; this means that two or more vaccines are contained in the same vial, and in this way the child will receiveà a lesser number of injections. In particular, since 1999, have been introduced in the market combined products of four or more components.
The most frequently used products in Italy in the new-born are now the esavalenti, combining all the vaccines scheduled in the first year of life, whooping cough, tetanus, diphtheria, Hib, IPV, and HBV).
What can; happen if a child is not vaccinated?
Can happen three things:
- If the child is never in contact with the germ that causes the disease, not will happenà nothing.
- If the child is in contact with the germ that causes the disease, avrà high probability; ill. If you are ill, correrà the risk of encountering dangerous complications.
- If the child is ill, it willà to transmit the disease to other children that are not protected. This willà cause an epidemic, with many sick children.
how Many probability; there are that a child who is not vaccinated to come in contact with one of the diseases preventable by vaccination?
Some of the diseases preventable by vaccination, such as rubella and measles, requires the uìcano still in Italy becauseé the percentage of children vaccinated has been in the past years, poor quality. Then the probability, that a child is not vaccinated and come in contact with these diseases are high.
Other diseases, like diphtheria and polio, thanks to vaccination, are now rare or have been eliminated in our country.
However, these diseases, which were very frequent in Italy before the vaccination, there are still other parts of the world and it is possible to meet them in the course of his life. the
In such cases the vaccination should not be performed?
vaccines, like all drugs, have contraindications; however, it should be noted that the true contraindications to vaccination are very few and are described in the sections devoted to the individual vaccines. In general, a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) after administration of a previous dose of the vaccine controindica the administration of subsequent doses of that vaccine.
in Addition, vaccination with a particular vaccine is contraindicated in case of severe allergic reaction (anafìlassi) to a component of that vaccine. In some cases, on the contrary, the vaccination is contraindicated only temporarily, and it should simply be delayed, for example in the case of an acute illness is important, for example, influenza with high fever (> 38°C).
È true that vaccination does not può be performed if the child has a cold?
No, it is not necessary to postpone the vaccination in this case, né in the presence of other diseases or mild symptoms, such as for example cough. There are many other situations that are not contraindicated for administration of vaccinations (false contraindications).
For example: local reaction or mild fever mild after a previous dose of the vaccine, previous febrile convulsions or family history of seizures, antibiotic therapy in course, prematurità, the pregnancy of the mother, brothers and sisters or other family members who are not vaccinated, allergies to substances which are not contained in vaccines.
it Is good to remember that a referral is unwarranted vaccination può instead, expose your child to the risk of contracting the disease.
the Municipality of Rome – Department for Policies for the Promotion of the Child and the Family – Department XVI
Page updated on 31/5/2006