> Pregnancy and genetic diseases

The interview with the doctor to understand whether there is a risk of inheritance, that is; if in the history of the families of the two parents or in their state of health have elements that might increase the risk of having a child with some defect of development.

    the

  • genetic Diseases
  • the

  • Thalassemia
  • the

  • Down Syndrome
  • the

  • Miscarriage

This research is sometimes concerned about the couple, and può bring someone to avoid this investigation to «do not know».

È important to remember that «knowledge» the existence of a possible problem helps not to be caught by surprise and to identify preventive measures, while «do not know», not è never been to disappear the problem.

To assess the risk of a genetic disease for the future child, the doctor indagherà:

Risks of genetic diseases in general

The doctor will tryà to know whether in family, in couple or in any previous children are present or have occurred genetic disease of some kind.

it is wise to be prepared to these questions – bringing medical records, or medical reports, to give the doctor information safe – and respond with the utmost sincerityà, and precision to his questions. the

Risk of thalassemia (or sickle-cell anaemia)

based On the history and state of health of the couple and of the families of origin, the medical valueà whether to prescribe a blood test for the diagnosis of carrier of a disease called thalassemia , or sickle-cell anaemia.

A carrier of this disease has no disorder, and his life is normal. Even his children are not at risk, if the other parent is not è carrier.

The risks are present if both parents are disabled: for this it is essential that both parents submit to the examination.

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Rischio di sindrome di Down

The doctor, on the basis of the età of the mother, può to evaluate the probability; of the birth of a child with Down syndrome.

This probabilityà può be evaluated with more accuracy, depending on the period of pregnancy, with different tests of the maternal blood or ultrasound. The results of this test can then lead to decide if it is necessary to also perform a test (withdrawal of amniotic fluid from the mother’s womb).

This decision must be taken with caution and responsibilityà, becauseé the execution of this exam may; in a small number of cases, to encourage a spontaneous abortion.

To evaluate whether it is worth running this risk it is important to understand, together with the medical practitioner if in your particular case, the execution of the consideration has more benefits than risks.

the Risks of miscarriage

To couples who have alreadyà had two or three miscarriages, your doctor prescriverà an examination of the chromosomes (karyotype) to identify any abnormalities that may cause either a spontaneous abortion that developmental defects in the child.

Small dictionary

Antibodies molecules that appear in the blood after the body is come into contact with something that he recognized as a stranger

Embryo: the product of conception up to eight weeks of intrauterine life

Screenshotsà: the transmission of some biological characters from parents to offspring, through the generations
Fetus
: the product of conception from the beginning of the ninth week of intrauterine life at birth
Genetic
: which concerns the origin, the formation, reproduction, and the screenshotsà biological
Microgram:
a millionth of a gram

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Pregnancy > Health in pregnancy > I decided to have a son > To a child, healthy and without defects > who To ask for advice > genetic diseases > infectious Disease > Drugs in pregnancy > For a pregnant più safe > Malformations, how to reduce the risk of > neural tube defects > folic acid before pregnancy! > How to increase the intake of folic acid > folic Acid contraindications

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Page updated on 10/6/2007